Bromo’s Cultural Side: Exploring the Tenggerese People and Traditions

Bromo, one of Indonesia’s most iconic natural landmarks, is not only famous for its breathtaking landscapes but also for its rich cultural heritage embodied by the Tenggerese people. Nestled within the vast expanse of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park in East Java, Indonesia, the Tenggerese community has preserved its traditions and customs for centuries, offering visitors a glimpse into a unique way of life deeply intertwined with nature and spirituality.

The Tenggerese People: A Brief Overview

The Tenggerese are an indigenous ethnic group residing in the vicinity of Mount Bromo. Their origins can be traced back to the ancient Majapahit Kingdom, and they are believed to be the descendants of Princess Roro Anteng and her husband Joko Seger, whose love story is intricately linked with the formation of the Bromo crater. Today, the Tenggerese maintain a predominantly agrarian lifestyle, relying on farming and animal husbandry for sustenance.

Despite modern influences, the Tenggerese people have managed to preserve their distinct cultural identity, which is evident in their language, dress, and religious practices. The majority of Tenggerese adhere to Hinduism, with a unique blend of animistic beliefs and rituals that center around the worship of Mount Bromo and other natural elements.

Tenggerese Traditions and Festivals

One of the most significant aspects of Tenggerese culture is their vibrant festivals and ceremonies, which are deeply rooted in their spiritual beliefs and agrarian lifestyle. Among the most prominent festivals is the annual Yadnya Kasada ceremony, also known as Kasodo, held at the crater of Mount Bromo.

During Kasodo, the Tenggerese people offer various offerings such as crops, livestock, and other goods to the spirits of the mountain as a form of gratitude and supplication. The ceremony culminates in the throwing of offerings into the crater, symbolizing the Tenggerese’s reverence for nature and their connection to the spiritual realm.

Another noteworthy tradition is the Pasaran ritual, conducted every month based on the Javanese calendar. During Pasaran, the Tenggerese gather at the Pura Luhur Poten temple to pray for prosperity and blessings from the gods. The ceremony involves offerings, prayers, and traditional music and dance performances, showcasing the community’s cultural heritage.

The Role of Tourism in Tenggerese Culture

With the increasing popularity of Mount Bromo as a tourist destination, tourism has become an integral part of Tenggerese life and culture. The Tenggerese people have adapted to the influx of visitors by offering various cultural experiences, including guided tours, traditional performances, and homestay accommodations.

Surabaya Bromo Tour, a leading tour operator specializing in East Java travel packages, plays a vital role in promoting Tenggerese culture and supporting the local community. Through their tour packages, visitors have the opportunity to immerse themselves in Tenggerese traditions, such as participating in cultural ceremonies, learning traditional crafts, and tasting authentic local cuisine.

Moreover, emphasizes responsible and sustainable tourism practices, ensuring that the economic benefits of tourism are shared equitably among the Tenggerese people while minimizing environmental impact. By partnering with local guides and homestay owners, the website creates meaningful connections between travelers and the Tenggerese community, fostering cultural exchange and mutual respect.


Exploring the cultural side of Bromo through the lens of the Tenggerese people reveals a rich tapestry of traditions, rituals, and beliefs shaped by centuries of history and reverence for the natural world. As tourism continues to grow in the region, it is essential to preserve and celebrate Tenggerese culture while ensuring the sustainable development of the local community.

By engaging with responsible tour operators like, travelers can contribute to the preservation of Tenggerese heritage while experiencing the beauty and spirituality of Mount Bromo in an authentic and meaningful way.